What a year it has been for the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its relationship with African states. Just over twelve months ago, three states — South Africa, Burundi, and The Gambia — signalled their intention to withdraw from the ICC. Following wrangling over the procedural legality of a withdrawal in South Africa and the stunning collapse of Yahya Jammeh’s 22 year-long rule over The Gambia, today Burundi stands alone as the only state to withdraw from the Court. But challenges remain and much more needs to be done to improve access to justice for victims and survivors of atrocity crimes across the continent.